Every time I encounter a statue of San Antonio – no matter the season – I mouth the words and sway, dancing to this great saint. Latin, or “Romance” languages are the reason for the “Latin” label in Latin America. include large gatherings of real and fictive kin. There is no official language of the United States, according to the U.S. government. Some include the story line that he was in love with the widow owner of the estancia (ranch) where he worked – who also throbbed the heart of the local chief of police. The feast day of Saint Anthony of Padua is celebrated on 13 June. drifting skywards It is the eve of the feast day of San Antonio – Saint Anthony of Padua. For hours we sat on the blacktop street while he explained the intricacies of each dance. Crosses awaiting the cucuruchos of the Good Friday procession. The three Magi are from Otavalo, Esmeraldas and Tsáchila. Examples of this are the celebration of the Virgin of Candelaria. such as demonstrated by the early Teatro Campesino (Peasant Theater) Different perspectives are represented: from the North and South of the Americas, as well as Europe and established and burgeoning scholars alike have shared their research and perspectives. The juice is placed in a 20-liter pot and the herb water is added. The tradition has spread to different Latin American countries, particularly in Central America where it has become widely popular. The pueblos of this region wear many other faces, including indigenous. photo © Lorraine Caputo. These ceremonies show veneration and respect to the sun, Pachamama (Mother Earth), the moon and stars, and celebrate the planting or harvest seasons. serious injuries or acute illness. Some towns, like Antigua (Guatemala), San Salvador (El Salvador) and Ayacucho (Peru) adorn their streets with intricate carpets made of flowers or sawdust. Please dress and behave respectfully. Ecuadorians raise a glass of colada morada to honor the spirits of their departed family and friends. Latin American music, musical traditions of Mexico, Central America, and the portions of South America and the Caribbean colonized by the Spanish and the Portuguese. “But your sign says five for a dollar.” “The prices have gone up….”. Because many families head to the beach or other popular national destinations during the holiday, hotel and food prices in those places triple or even quadruple. This is to ask the Saint for permission to present the dances promised to him. photo © Lorraine Caputo. The shrine quickly grew, as well as Gauchito Gil’s renown as a saint who could intercede in matters of health, work and safe journeys. Like Northern Europe’s Winter Solstice or Yule celebrations, it is a beseeching to the Sun that he return, bringing life back to Earth. Inti Raymi was banned by the Catholic Church in 1572. For communities south of the equator, this marks the longest night and the coldest time of the year. The most sincere ones are in smaller towns or villages. photo © Lorraine Caputo, It is now Sábado de Pascuas, the Saturday between Viernes Santo – when Christ was crucified – and Pascua – Easter Sunday, when he was resurrected. Traditions – of indigenous, migrant and other populations – also exist near the poles, where the solstices mark the shortest and longest nights of the year. Some wear a barbed-wire crown of thorns, or wrap barbed wire, stinging nettles (ortiga) or cactus around their torsos. What are these small shrines so boldly decorated? In a large pot, the herbs and spices are simmering. Latin American religion ranges from atheism, folk religions to more well known religions followed and believed in. In Guatemalan villages, it is the women who carry the Virgin in any procession. characterize a rich artistic cultural element. Processions wind through narrow streets. Religious Tradition view of Euthanasia 1039 Words | 5 Pages. Everywhere, villancicos are sung. Three Kings' Day Celebration: History And Traditions Behind 'El Día De Los Reyes' By Carolina Moreno Santa Claus may have gone back to the North Pole to rest, but it doesn’t mean the gift-giving (and receiving) is over -- at least not for the thousands of children in Latin America and Spain anxiously awaiting “El Día de los Reyes” Celebration on Jan. 6th. Saint Anthony became a monk of this order, and was famous for his knowledge of scripture, being able to teach them through simple words and deeds. photo © Lorraine Caputo. But my interest was up at Parque Yatana, Ushuaia’s last stand of native forest where the native Yaghan people have a cultural center (25 de Mayo and Magallanes). photo © Lorraine Caputo, The shrine to San Pedro in Puerto Cisnes, in southern Chile. photo © Lorraine Caputo. Since 1988, I have spent most northern winters travelling in Latin America. African and African-inspired religions in Latin America and the Caribbean are as diverse as the region itself. Large manger scenes decorate the churches, homes and even hilltops. high into the heavens, until late afternoon Woman selling palm ornaments. Colada morada – a rich infusion of fruits, herbs and spices – and guaguas de pan – doll-shaped breads – are the traditional offerings Ecuadorians leave on their families’ tombs during the Day of the Dead (Día de los Difuntos) celebrations. As with the Spanish language, Roman Catholicism dominates throughout Latin America, but varies in form and practice from country to country and region to Region, owing largely to syncretic mixing with other religious traditions. Semana Santa, which culminates in Easter Sunday, is one of the most important times of the year throughout Latin America. Afro-Latin Religion. LATIN AMERICAN SOCIO-RELIGIOUS STUDIES PROGRAM (PROLADES) A CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM OF RELIGIOUS GROUPS IN THE AMERICAS BY MAJOR TRADITIONS AND FAMILY TYPES Clifton L. Holland, General Editor Linda J. Holland, Assistant Editor First Edition: 30 October 1993 Last Modified on 18 June 2018 PROLADES Apartado 86-5000, Liberia, Guanacaste, Costa Rica Describe gift-giving traditions in Latin America. The beaches will be super-crowded, and prices for transport, lodging and food will skyrocket. In Alaska, my co-workers anxiously awaited that day. The scene also includes the fathers and nuns of the Oblate order doing missionary work among Ecuador’s other indigenous nations. In Quito, Inti Raymi is celebrated on Plaza San Francisco, where some claim Inca Atahualpa’s palace once stood. 7 In all of Latin America, people in the Central American nations of Honduras, Nicaragua, Guatemala and El Salvador are among the most religiously committed and socially conservative. Between jobs of persecution – legend states – he experienced a visit from the spirit of Jesus which led to his conversion. Be prepared for long hours in the sun: use protection (sun screen, hat) and drink plenty of fluids. The herbs are sold in a bundle called guanguito. The Festival del Auténtico Chamamé Tradicional (Authentic Traditional Chamamé Festival) occurs in February. No matter in which country you are at this moment, you’ll find processions from Holy Wednesday through Resurrection (Easter) Sunday. The liberation of Spanish and Portuguese America from European political control began a radically new period of Latin American church history. In Mexico, are the posadas, nine days of processions through neighborhoods, topped off with tamales and hot atole drink. Semana Santa isn’t only a high holy season. In the middle of the street of a neighborhood of Barquisimeto, Venezuela, musicians are seated in front of a statue of San Antonio. A Pew Research Center survey of 18 Latin American countries and Puerto Rico asked people whether eight specific behaviors — including homosexual behavior and having an abortion — are morally wrong. For example, if you see a black cat, it means mischief. This serenade will continue until the wee hours of the morn, when then the all-day procession commences with a mass, and ends with an evening of seven dances…, Iglesia Nuestra Señora de Guápulo (Quito, Ecuador). The city’s Feria de las Flores (Flower Festival) dates back to the 1950s and is held each summer in late July or early August, to capture the beauty of the local blossoms. I ask the workers at the hostel how I might be able to arrive at the shrine of Gauchito Gil. In Marcela’s family recipe, mortiño is omitted. By IPS Correspondents Reprint | | Print | Diego Cevallos. After the sun sets, the seven sones (rhythms) of tamunangue are danced by couples armed with garrotes (sticks). La Fiesta de Quinceañera – also known as a Quince Años, XV, Quinces, or La Fiesta Rosa – is a time-honored Latin American tradition which celebrates the transition from childhood to womanhood. This symbolizes San Antonio’s devotion to the marginalized peoples of these lands. You might be wondering who San Pedro (Saint Peter) and San Pablo (Saint Paul) were – and why they have become associated with the fishing trade. In Argentina and Uruguay, folks will be enjoying tarta pascualina (Swiss chard or spinach and ricotta quiche). At these seasons, they gather across the globe to welcome a new year, or prepare for the sowing or the harvest season. Under the arcades surrounding the main plaza, dozens of women had stalls set up, selling guagua de pan with a steaming cup of colada morada. The Andean indigenous cosmovision has four festivals or raymi: Inti, Kulla, Kapak and Pawkar. When the Spaniards arrived, the conquistadores prohibited the removal of bodies from tombs. This is definitely a time to witness Latin American partying at its finest. For Catholics, especially in Latin America, Good Friday is much more significant. Even though Catholic Church teaching forbids some of these behaviors, Protestants across the region are more likely than Catholics to see … While these languages were once confined to Europe, they later spread to the Americas during the European colonization of the region. In Latin America, religion has a deep founded history that can be traced back to the earliest civilisations where sacrifice did not mean getting up early on Sunday morning for church, but instead took on deathly consequences to praise, worship and gratify different gods. Saint Paul became a major proponent of Christianity, and much of the surviving New Testament is credited to his pen. One year, when I was traveling from Peru to Ecuador, it happened to be during the Día de los Difuntos holidays. Literary Expressions / Expresiones Literarias, CHRISTMAS IN LATIN AMERICA : A Poetic – Photographic Journey, PATRONS OF FISHERMEN : San Pedro and San Pablo, THE PASSION OF CHRIST : Quito’s Good Friday Procession, A FEAST DAY IN THE COUNTRY – AND THE CITY : Fêting San Antonio in Latin America, FÊTING THE SUN: The Andean Raymi Festivals, SEMANA SANTA IN LATIN AMERICA : A Poetic – Photographic Journey, GAUCHITO GIL : A Home-Grown Saint for Travelers and Justice, NEW YEAR’S EVE IN LATIN AMERICA : A Photographic – Poetic Journey, NEW PUBLICATIONS : Poetic and Travel – December Solstice 2020, NEW PUBLICATIONS : Poetic and Travel – September Equinox 2020, San Pedro y San Pablo Ayutla, and San Pablo Villa de Mitla (Oaxaca), Chuarrancho, San Pedro Sacatepéquez (Guatemala), San Pedro Masahuat, and San Pedro Nonualco (La Paz), San Rafael Cedros, and San Pedro Perulapán (Cuscatlán), San Pedro y San Pablo (Villanueva, Chinandega), Crucita, Manta, Jaramijó, and Montecristi (Manabí), Esmeraldas (Barrio El Panecillo) (Esmeraldas), Checa, Licán, Cayambe, Pomasqui, Ayora, and Tabacundo (Pichincha), Pimampiro, Cotacachi, and Cayambe (Imbabura), San Pedro y San Pablo, Ayangue, and Santa Rosa (Santa Elena Province), Catholic façade: Saint John the Baptist (San Juan Bautista), whose feast day is 24 June, Catholic façade: Virgin of Mercy (Virgen de la Merced), whose feast day is 24 September, Catholic façade: Christmas, which is 25 December, Catholic façade: Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin (Anunciación), which is 25 March, or with Carnaval. Latino, on the other hand, refers to those from the geographic region of Latin America. the crescendo of rockets The most common tale is that to escape the love triangle and accusations of robbery (by, of course, his love rival), Gauchito Gil fled to join the army in the War of the Triple Alliance (1864-1870) against Paraguay. Religion & Theology. Religion is an important part of life, and individuals often pray and light candles to specific religious figures in order to obtain specific favors. Dozens of artists, like Nélida Zenón and Julián Zini, pay tribute to this saint. photo © Lorraine Caputo, When I told a friend that I was writing this article, she asked, “Will you be telling us the origin of the word?”. photo © Lorraine Caputo, BEST PLACES TO EXPERIENCE SEMANA SANTA (in Latin America). Other towns in northern Argentina, too, host chamamé festivals during the austral summer months. Argentina has the largest communities of both Jews and Muslims in Latin America.Practitioners of the Judaism, Buddhist, Islamic, Hinduism, Bahá'í Faith, and Shinto denominations and religions also exercised in Latin America.. Hinduism is the second-largest religion in Suriname.According to the 2012 census of Suriname, Hindus constitute 22.3% of the population. Latin American music, musical traditions of Mexico, Central America, and the portions of South America and the Caribbean colonized by the Spanish and the Portuguese. African and African-inspired religions in Latin America and the Caribbean are as diverse as the region itself. Surprisingly, San Pedro and San Pablo are also saluted in highland villages, such as Neiva and Jongivito in Colombia, and Punín in Ecuador. experts on Latin American religion, Daniel Levine, examines the relationship between religion and politics in the region after thirty years of democratic rule. 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